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Ancient Writings

The Mysterious Codex Argenteus: Famed Silver Bible of the Goths

The Goths, one of the major Germanic tribes of ancient times, were a key player in the events that marked the downfall of the Western Roman Empire. Although their era lasted only a few centuries, their conquests nonetheless contributed greatly to the emergence of the early medieval period. They were also the very first of […]

The Northern Mysteries Current: Futhark and Mystery Schools of the Viking Age

The existence of mystery schools in the Viking Age (800-1200 CE) is deduced from myth and folklore. The poems of the Edda display the structure and content of cultic texts used within the framework of initiatic organizations. Later, in Medieval Europe, we hear about secret societies associated with the Wild Hunt, Odin, and the Einherjar. […]

The Northern Mysteries Current: Futhark and Mystery Schools of the Viking Age

The existence of mystery schools in the Viking Age (800-1200 CE) is deduced from myth and folklore. The poems of the Edda display the structure and content of cultic texts used within the framework of initiatic organizations. Later, in Medieval Europe, we hear about secret societies associated with the Wild Hunt, Odin, and the Einherjar. […]

Living witness

Reconstructing the past is not simply a matter of reading some texts or removing dirt from an object. The past is not there, waiting to be unearthed; the evidence does not consist of facts that speak for themselves. Indeed, some would argue that it’s effectively impossible to reconstruct the past at all; what we have […]

The Centaur of Lefkandi

Excavations at the seaside town of Lefkandi began in the summer of 1964. Archaeologists Mervyn Popham and Hugh Sackett led a team from the British School at Athens to excavate the Xeropolis tell that juts out from the island of Euboea into the gulf separating it from Attica and Boeotia. These excavations revealed a settlement, […]

Herakles in Africa

By the end of the Archaic period (800-480 BCE), the ancient Greeks had already established significant and lasting connections to North Africa. As part of the broader process of Greek settlement throughout the Mediterranean and beyond, Greek cities were established in both Libya and Egypt. The existence of settlements at Cyrene (and elsewhere) in the […]

Confronting “Collapse”

A new, revised and updated edition of Eric Cline’s book, 1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed, has appeared. I’ve bought the slightly (!) cheaper ebook version. The new edition is 40 pages longer, but most of the changes are generally subtle, especially for the first four chapters. For example, the final section of chapter 1 […]
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